Permanent Account Number (PAN) is a ten-digit alphanumeric number, issued in the form of a laminated card, by the Income Tax Department, to any “person” who applies for it or to whom the department allots the number without an application.The significance of each digit is as follows:
First 3 digits: The first 3 characters on a PAN card represent an alphabetic series running from AAA to ZZZ.
4th Character: The 4th character represents the status of the PAN holder, which can be one of the following:
- C – Company
- P – Person
- H — HUF (Hindu Undivided Family)
- F — Firm
- A — Association of Persons (AOP)
- T — AOP (Trust)
- B — Body of Individuals (BOI)
- L — Local Authority
- J — Artificial Juridictal Person
- G — Government
5th Character: The fifth character of the PAN is the first letter of:
- the surname in the case the status is “P”, or,
- the name of the Entity, Trust, Society, Organization, HUF, etc. in all other cases
6th to 9th Characters: The next four numbers are sequential numbers running from 0001 to 9999.
10th Character: The last digit is an alphabetic check digit which is generated by applying a formula to the preceding nine letters and numbers.
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references : quora.com