Pan card or permanent account number is a unique 10 digit alphanumeric number that is issued by the income tax department. It serves as an identity proof. Every person should hold only one Pan card, holding more than one is considered illegal. If caught with more than one pan cards the income tax department can fine you.
Sometimes it is not done purposely.
1. Changes required in pan card : When a person has to change some details or make corrections in the pan card and ends up applying for a new pan card instead of corrections in the same. So the person ends up with a duplicate pan card number.
2. Multiple applications : When a person applies for a pan card and it doesn't arrive in sometime then the person applies again and ends up with multiple pan cards.
3. New pan card after marriage : Several women change their surnames after marriage and apply for a new pan card instead of changing their surname on the existing one.
4. Fraudulent purposes : Some people apply for several pan cards with the intention of defrauding the government. This is illegal and a person can be fined or jailed even for it.
Step 1: Fill and submit PAN Change Request application form by mentioning the PAN which you are using currently on top of the form. All other PAN/s inadvertently allotted to you should be mentioned in item no. 11 of the form and the corresponding PAN card copy/s should be submitted for cancellation along with the form . https://www.tin-nsdl.com/faqs/pan/faq-pan-cancellation.html
Step 1 Fill up Form 49A for Change or Correction in PAN, mention the PAN number to be surrendered and submit the form to the nearest UTI or NSDL TIN facilitation centre. Save a copy of Acknowledgment for future reference
Step 2 – Write a letter addressed to the Assessing Officer of your jurisdiction (You can find your Jurisdiction officer from www.incometaxindiaefiling.gov.in(Know your Jurisdiction Officer). Mention your personal details such as the full name on your PAN card, date of birth (or date of incorporation in case of companies or firms), PAN card number to be retained and details of duplicate PAN card being surrendered and keep the acknowledgement received.
Step 3 – At the time of submission of Letter mentioned in Point 2 above, also enclose a copy of Duplicate PAN to be surrendered along with Acknowledgment Copy obtained from NSDL TIN facilitation center as obtained in point 1 mentioned above.
Steps on how to surrender additional pan cards is taken from https://cleartax.in/s/what-to-do-if-you-have-two-pan